ZADOK THE PHARISEE (early first century C.E.), founder, together with judah the galilean , of the "fourth philosophy" among the Jews of the late Second Temple period (see sicarii ). This "philosophy" was, in effect, the theoretical basis and justification of the Jewish rebellion against the Romans, and according to Josephus was first introduced by Zadok and Judah during the assessment of Jewish property by the Syrian governor Quirinius (6 C.E.). This assessment, claimed the two rebels, amounted to no less than the enslavement of the Jewish people, and inasmuch as "God alone is their leader and master," there was no alternative but to make a bid for independence. Josephus stresses the zeal which Judah and Zadok inspired in the young, and attributes to them the subsequent strife leading up to the rebellion. (Isaiah Gafni)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • JUDAH THE GALILEAN — (d. c. 6 C.E.), considered by many scholars identical with Judah, the son of hezekiah who was put to death by Herod in Galilee. Judah came from Gamala in the Golan (Jos., Ant., 18:4). Immediately after the death of Herod (4 B.C.E.) Judah… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Judah the Galilean — (d. c.6)    Palestinian Zealot leader. He was born in Gamala in the Golan. He partici pated in the disturbances in the country following the death of Herod the Great. He was the head of a band of rebels active around Sepphoris, who had seized… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Jerusalem during the Second Temple Period — The Temple Mount …   Wikipedia

  • ANANIAS SON OF ZADOK — ANANIAS SON OF ZADOK, a prominent Pharisee of the first century. With the outbreak of the Roman war in 66 C.E., the Roman garrison in Jerusalem was forced to retreat to the royal towers of Hippicus, Phasael, and Mariamne. The force was incapable… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ZEALOTS AND SICARII — Introduction This article deals not only with the group of fighters for the freedom of Israel known from josephus as the Zealots, but includes in its survey other groups with similar aims, particularly the Sicarii. Judea differed from the other… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ZADOKITES — (Heb. benei Zadok; sons of Zadok ), the qumran community s description of its members, especially its priestly members. The community conceived part of its duty to be the continuation of the functions assigned in the Torah to the Zadokite… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Zealotry — Zealot redirects here. For other uses, see Zealot (disambiguation). Zealotry was originally a political movement in 1st century Second Temple Judaism which sought to incite the people of Iudaea Province to rebel against the Roman Empire and expel …   Wikipedia

  • Judas of Galilee — or Judas of Gamala led a violent resistance to a census imposed for Roman tax purposes by Quirinius (sometimes spelled Cyrenius in Josephus) in Iudaea Province around AD 6. The revolt was crushed brutally by the Romans. These events are discussed …   Wikipedia

  • COPONIUS° — COPONIUS°, first procurator of Judea, from 6 to 9 C.E. Of equestrian rank, he was sent to Judea by Augustus after the banishment of archelaus . He was accompanied by the Syrian governor, Quirinus, who was sent to take charge of Archelaus property …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • QUIRINIUS, P. SULPICIUS° — QUIRINIUS, P. SULPICIUS°, Roman commander and administrator at the beginning of the first century C.E. Quirinius did not belong to an aristocratic family; his rise to power was due to his own abilities and the support of Augustus and his stepson… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.